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Lengua inglesa
reserve
verb (reserved , reserving ) (abbreviation res.)
1 to keep something back or set it aside for future use, for the use of a particular person, or for some particular purpose.
2 to keep or retain something for oneself.
3 to book or order (eg a hotel room, a table in a restaurant, etc) in advance.
4 (esp reserve judgement) to delay or postpone (a legal judgement, taking a decision, etc).
noun
1 something kept back or set aside, epecially for future use or possible need.
2 the state or condition of being reserved or an act of reserving.
3 a an area of land set aside for a particular purpose, especially for the protection of wildlife a nature reserve ;
b an area of land set aside for occupation by a particular people; a reservation.
4 Aust, NZ a public park.
5 coolness, distance or restraint of manner; diffidence or reticence.
6 sport
a an extra player or participant who can take another's place if needed; a substitute;
b (usu the reserves) the second or reserve team playing for the reserves .
7 (also reserves) mil
a part of an army or force kept out of immediate action to provide reinforcements when needed;
b forces in addition to a nation's regular armed services, not usually in service but that may be called upon if necessary;
c a member of such a force; a reservist.
8 (often reserves) finance a company's money or assets, or a country's gold and foreign currency, held at a bank to meet future liabilities.
9 (usu reserves) a supply of eg oil, gas, coal, etc, known to be present in a particular region and as yet unexploited.
10 (usu reserves) extra physical or mental power, energies, stamina, etc that can be drawn upon in a difficult or extreme situation reserves of strength .
11 a reserve price.
as adjective a reserve supply .
[14c: from French réserver , from Latin reservare to keep something back]
without reserve fully, or without reservations or restrictions; frankly.


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reserve bank
noun
1 any of the US Federal Reserve banks.
2 esp Aust & NZ a central bank that holds currency reserves for other banks.


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reserve currency
noun a foreign currency acceptable in international transactions and held in reserve by central banks.


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reserve price
noun the lowest price that the owner of something which is being sold by auction is prepared to accept.


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reserved
adjective
1 kept back, set aside or destined for a particular use or for a particular person.
2 said of a hotel room, a table in a restaurant, etc: booked or ordered in advance.
3 said of a person or their manner: cool, distant or restrained; diffident or reticent.
[16c: from reserve]
reservedly adverb .
reservedness noun .


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