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partiality pronunciación
noun
1 being partial.
2 favourable bias or prejudice.
3 fondness.


partially
adverb not completely or wholly; not yet to the point of completion.

partially See Usage Note at partly.



partible
adjective said especially of inherited property: able to be divided up.


participant pronunciación
noun a person or group that takes part in something.
adjective participating or sharing in something.


participate pronunciación
verb (participated , participating ) intr (often participate in something) to take part or be involved in it.
[16c: from Latin pars , partis part + capere to take]
participation noun .
participator noun .


participating insurance
noun insurance that entitles policy-holders to a share of the company's surplus profits.


participle pronunciación
noun , grammar a word formed from a verb, which has adjectival qualities as well as verbal ones. There are two participles in English, the present participle, formed with the ending -ing , as in going , swimming or shouting , and the past participle, generally ending in -d , -ed , -t or -n , as in chased , shouted , kept and shown , but also with irregular forms such as gone , swum , etc.
[14c: from Latin participium a sharing, from pars part + capere to take, because participles share features of both a verb and an adjective]
participial adjective .
participially adverb .


particle pronunciación
noun
1 a tiny piece; a minute piece of matter.
2 the least bit not a particle of sympathy .
3 physics a tiny unit of matter such as a molecule, atom or electron.
4 grammar a word which does not have any inflected forms, eg a preposition, conjunction or interjection.
5 grammar an affix, such as un- , de- , -fy and -ly .
[14c: from Latin particula , diminutive of pars part]


particle accelerator
noun , physics a device that is used to accelerate charged subatomic particles, especially electrons or protons, to a high velocity.


particle beam weapon
noun a weapon in which high-energy subatomic particles, generated in nuclear accelerators, are directed into a narrow concentrated beam.


particle physics
singular noun the branch of physics concerned with the study of elementary particles and the forces between them.


particoloured
adjective partly one colour, partly another; variegated.
[16c: from French parti variegated]


particular
adjective
1 specific; single; individually known or referred to She liked that particular design .
2 especial; exceptional took particular care .
3 difficult to satisfy; fastidious; exacting He's very particular about the washing-up .
4 exact; detailed.
noun
1 a detail.
2 (particulars) personal details, eg name, date of birth, etc took down her particulars .
[14c: from Latin particularis , from particula , diminutive of pars part]
particularness noun .
in particular particularly; especially; specifically; in detail.


particular intention see under intention


particularism
noun
1 attention to one's own group, class, sect, etc.
2 attention to the interests of a federal state before that of the confederation.
3 theol the doctrine that salvation is offered only to particular individuals, the elect, and not to everyone.


particularity pronunciación
noun
1 the quality of being particular.
2 minuteness of detail.
3 (often particularities) a single instance or case; a detail the particularities of the case .


particularize pronunciación or particularise
verb (particularized , particularizing )
1 to specify individually.
2 to give specific examples of something.
3 intr to go into detail.
[16c: from French particulariser ]
particularization noun .


particularly
adverb
1 more than usually particularly good .
2 specifically; especially particularly hates board games .


particulate
adjective having the form of, or relating to, particles.


parting
noun
1 the act of taking leave.
2 a divergence or separation a parting of the ways .
3 a line of exposed scalp that divides sections of hair brushed in opposite directions a middle parting .
adjective referring to, or at the time of, leaving; departing a parting comment .


parting shot
noun a final hostile remark made on departing. Also called Parthian shot.
[19c: referring to the practice of the horsemen of ancient Parthia of turning to shoot arrows at enemies following them as they rode off]


partisan pronunciación or partizan
noun
1 an enthusiastic supporter of a party, person, cause, etc.
2 a member of an armed resistance group in a country occupied by an enemy.
adjective strongly loyal to one side, especially blindly so; biased.
[16c: French, from parte part]
partisanship noun .


partita
noun , music
1 (pl partite ) one of a set of instrumental variations.
2 (pl partitas ) a suite of instrumental dances.
[Late 19c: Italian, meaning -a division-, from Latin partire to divide]


partite
adjective
1 in compounds divided into the specified number of parts tripartite bipartite .
2 bot said especially of leaves: cut nearly to the base, forming two or more parts.
[16c: from Latin partire to divide]


partition pronunciación
noun
1 something which divides an object into a number of parts.
2 a screen or thin wall dividing a room.
3 the dividing of a country into two or more independent states.
verb (partitioned , partitioning )
1 to divide (a country) into independent states.
2 (also partition something off) to separate it off with a partition.
[16c: from Latin partitio division]


partitive pronunciación grammar
adjective said of a word, form, etc: denoting a part of a whole of what is being described.
noun a partitive word or form, eg some , any , most .
[16c: from Latin partire to divide]


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