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turn pronunciación
verb (turned , turning )
1 tr & intr to move or go round in a circle or with a circular movement turned the key and opened the door .
2 tr & intr to change or make someone or something change position so that a different side or part comes to the top, front, etc turn the pages slowly turn to face the sun .
3 to put something into a specified position by, or as if by, inverting it; to tip out turned the dough onto the table .
4 intr to change direction or take a new direction turn left at the corner .
5 tr & intr to direct, aim or point, or be directed, aimed or pointed turned his thoughts to the problems at work .
6 to go round turned the corner too fast .
7 tr & intr to become or make someone or something become or change to something specified Fame turned him into a real show-off love which turned to hate turn nasty .
8 tr & intr to change or make someone or something change colour The shock turned his hair white The leaves begin to turn in September .
9 tr & intr said of milk, etc: to make or become sour.
10 to shape something using a lathe or potter's wheel.
11 to perform with a rotating movement turn somersaults .
12 intr to move or swing around a point or pivot a gate turning on its hinge turn on one's heels .
13 to pass the age or time of turned 40 this year It's turned midnight .
14 to appeal to or have recourse to someone or something for help, support, relief, etc turned to drink after the divorce always turns to me for advice .
15 to come to consider or pay attention to something or to doing something The conversation turned to politics .
16 intr (turn to something) to begin (a task, undertaking, etc).
17 tr & intr
a said of the stomach: to feel nausea or queasiness;
b to cause (the stomach) to become nauseous or queasy That scene is enough to turn your stomach .
18 to translate turned Camus's unfinished work into English .
19 to remake (part of a piece of clothing, sheet, etc) by putting the worn outer part on the inside turn a collar .
20 to express, especially elegantly always turning compliments .
21 intr said of the tide: to begin to flow in the opposite direction.
22 to make (a profit, etc).
noun
1 an act, instance or the process of turning; a complete or partial rotation a turn of the wheel .
2 a change of direction, course or position The road takes a turn to the right .
3 a point or place where a change of direction occurs The house is just past the turn in the road .
4 a direction, tendency or trend the twists and turns of the saga .
5 a change in nature, character, condition, course, etc an unfortunate turn of events .
6 an opportunity or duty that comes to each of several people in rotation or succession her turn to bat .
7 inclination or tendency a pessimistic turn of mind .
8 a distinctive style or manner a blunt turn of phrase .
9 an act or service of a specified kind, usually good or malicious always doing good turns for others .
10 colloq a sudden feeling of illness, nervousness, shock, faintness, etc gave her quite a turn .
11 a short walk or ride went for a turn round the garden .
12 a each of a series of short acts or performances, eg in a circus or variety theatre;
b a performer who does one of these acts.
13 a single coil or twist of eg rope or wire.
14 music an ornament in which the principal note is preceded by that next above it and followed by that next below it.
15 golf the place on the course or the stage of play after the ninth hole when the players start heading back to the clubhouse They were all square at the turn .
[Anglo-Saxon turnian and 13c French torner ]
at every turn everywhere, at every stage; continually.
by turns see in turn below.
in one's turn when it is one's turn, chance, etc.
in turn or by turns one after the other in an orderly or prearranged manner The class took the gerbil home at weekends in turn .
not know where or which way to turn to be completely confused as to how to act, behave, etc.
not turn a hair see under hair.
on the turn
1 said of the tide: starting to change direction.
2 said of milk: on the point of going sour.
out of turn
1 out of the correct order or at the wrong time played his shot out of turn .
2 inappropriately, discourteously, etc He apologized for speaking out of turn .
serve its turn to be adequate for the job in hand.
take a turn for the better or the worse to improve, or deteriorate, especially slightly took a turn for the better after she was given the medicine The weather took a turn for the worse .
take turns or take it in turns said especially of two or more people or things: to do something alternately or one after another took it in turns to cook the dinner .
the turn of the month, year, century, etc the end of one month, year, century, etc and the beginning of the next.
to a turn to exactly the right degree; to perfection The steak was done to a turn .
turn a blind eye see under blind.
turn a deaf ear see under deaf.
turn (and turn) about one after the other; each taking a turn.
turn a trick see under trick.
turn someone's head to make them conceited, smug, snobbish, etc.
turn in one's grave said of a dead person: to be thought certain to have been distressed or offended, had they been alive, by circumstances such as those now in question.
turn someone or something loose to set them or it free.
turn one's ankle to twist it or strain it slightly.
turn one's back on someone or something
1 to leave them or it for good.
2 to have no more to do with them or it says he's turned his back on drugs .
turn one's hand to something to undertake a task, etc or have the ability for it She's very talented and can turn her hand to most things .
turn on one's heel see under heel1.
turn over a new leaf see under leaf.
turn Queen's or King's or state's evidence see under evidence.
turn tail to flee.
turn the corner see under corner.
turn the other cheek to refuse to engage in any form of retaliation.
turn the tables (on someone) see under table.
turn the tide to cause a change or reversal, eg in events, thinking, etc.
turn turtle see under turtle.
turn up one's nose (at something) see under nose.
turn about to move so as to face a different direction.
turn against someone to become hostile or unfriendly towards them She turned against him after she discovered his lies .
turn someone against someone else to make them become hostile or unfriendly towards them His lies turned her against him .
turn something around to reorganize (a loss-making business) so that it becomes profitable.
turn someone away to send them away.
turn something away to reject or refuse to accept or consider it turned away his pleas for leniency .
turn back to begin to go in the opposite direction We turned back because of heavy snow .
turn someone or something back to make them or it begin to go in the opposite direction The occupying forces turned back the aid convoy .
turn something back to fold over or back turned back the beds .
turn someone or something down to refuse or reject (them, an application, etc) turned him down at the interview She turned down the job .
turn something down
1 to reduce the level of light, noise, etc produced by it by, or as if by, using a control asked him to turn the radio down .
2 to fold it or them down or back turned down the bedclothes .
turn in colloq to go to bed.
turn someone or something in to hand them or it over, eg to someone in authority turned in the wallet he found to the police .
turn something in to give, achieve, etc (a specified kind of performance, score, etc).
turn off to leave a straight course or a main road The car turned off at the lights . See also turn-off.
turn off somewhere
1 said of a side road: to lead from (a main road).
2 said of a person or vehicle: to leave (a main road). See also turn-off.
turn someone off colloq to make them feel dislike or disgust, or to lose (especially sexual) interest The violent scenes really turned me off . See also turn-off.
turn something off
1 to stop (the flow of water, electricity, etc) by using, or as if by using, a knob, tap, button, switch, etc.
2 to make (a machine, appliance, etc) stop functioning, working, etc by using, or as if by using, a knob, switch, etc turned off the microwave .
turn on colloq to cause feelings such as a heightened sense of awareness, especially with hallucinogenic drugs.
turn on someone or something
1 to attack them or it physically or verbally, usually suddenly or violently The dogs turned on each other .
2 to depend on them or it The whole argument turns on a single point .
turn someone on colloq to make them feel excitement, pleasure, interest, etc. See also turn-on.
turn something on
1 to start (the flow of water, electricity, etc) by using, or as if by using, a knob, tap, button, switch, etc.
2 to make (a machine, appliance, etc) start functioning, working, etc by using, or as if by using, a knob, switch, etc.
turn out
1 to happen or prove to be She turned out to be right .
2 to finally be It turned out all right in the end .
3 to gather or assemble, eg for a public meeting or event Hundreds of people turned out to vote . See also turn-out.
4 colloq to get out of bed.
turn someone out
1 to send them away; to make them leave; to expel them The bouncers turned the troublemakers out of the club .
2 to dress, equip, groom, etc He always turns the kids out nicely . See also turn-out.
3 to call (soldiers, a guard, etc) for duty.
turn something out
1 to switch off (a light, etc).
2 to make, manufacture, etc (usually specified quantities of goods or produce) They turn out around 50 cars a week . See also turn-out.
3 Brit to empty, clear, etc (a room, drawer, pocket, etc), especially for cleaning or to check the contents The police made him turn out his pockets .
turn over
1 to roll oneself over when in a lying position.
2 said of an engine: to start running at low speed.
turn someone over colloq to surrender or transfer them (to another person, an authority, etc) turned the thief over to the police .
turn something over
1 to start (an engine) running at low speed.
2 to turn it so that the hidden or reverse side becomes visible or faces upwards turn over the page .
3 to consider it, especially thoughtfully, carefully, etc turned over his proposal in her mind .
4 slang to rob it turned over the off-licence .
5 to do business worth a specified amount of (money, etc) The business turns over five million pounds per year . See also turnover.
turn round
1 to turn to face in the opposite direction Peter, turn round and pay attention .
2 said of a loaded vehicle, ship, etc: to arrive, be unloaded, loaded with new cargo, passengers, etc and depart again The ship turned round in two hours .
3 to adopt a different policy, opinion, etc.
turn something round to receive and deal with or process (a matter, the arrival of loaded vehicles, etc) in a specified manner, time, etc We're able to turn an order round in an hour The ship was turned round in two hours .
turn up
1 to appear or arrive Hardly anyone turned up for the match .
2 to be found, especially by accident or unexpectedly The kitten turned up safe and well .
turn something up
1 to increase the flow, intensity, strength, volume, etc, eg of (sound, light, etc produced by a machine) by, or as if by, turning a knob turned up the music .
2 to shorten (a piece of clothing or its hem) by folding part of it up and stitching it in place.
3 to discover or reveal it.


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